Purpose: To localize a gene causing a newly described autosomal dominant anterior segment dysgenesis characterized by corneal endothelial dystrophy, iris hypoplasia, congenital cataracts, and corneal stromal thinning (EDICT syndrome).
Design: Experimental study.
Methods: A set of microsatellite markers spanning the 22 human autosomes was used to perform linkage analysis on affected and unaffected individuals within a single family.
Results: Linkage analysis of the anterior segment dysgenesis endothelial dystrophy, iris hypoplasia, congenital cataract, and stromal thinning (EDICT) syndrome in this family revealed a logarithm of the odds (LOD) score of 2.71 on chromosome 15q22.1-25.3 between markers D15993 and D15S202. These results suggest a gene for EDICT syndrome lies in this chromosomal region.
Conclusions: A LOD score of 2.71 suggests a novel locus associated with the newly described EDICT syndrome lies in a region of chromosome 15 between markers D15S993 and D15S202. Identification of the disease-causing gene in this region may yield insights into a broad range of disorders affecting the corneal stroma, endothelium, iris, and lens.