Comparison of serum CA72-4, CEA, TPA, CA19-9 and CA125 levels in gastric cancer patients and correlation with recurrence

Hepatogastroenterology. Jul-Aug 2002;49(46):1157-60.

Abstract

Background/aims: Serum tumor markers were investigated as prognostic factors for recurrence in patients with gastric cancers.

Methodology: Preoperative serum levels of CEA, CA72-4, CA19-9, TPA and CA125 were sampled in 196 patients with gastric cancers undergoing curative surgery. The results were compared with the clinical recurrence and various clinicopathological factors.

Results: CA72-4, CEA, CA19-9, TPA and CA125 had sensitivities of 16.4%, 31.4%, 16.1%, 31.6%, and 6%, respectively. Sensitivity of two combinations was as high as 56.5%. Seventy-seven patients (39.9%) had clinical recurrence in the follow-up periods. For those with preoperatively elevated serum tumor markers, 38% (12/32) had CA72-4, 42% (13/31) had CA19-9, 48% (29/60) and had CEA, 54% (6/11) had CA125, and 62% (37/61) had TPA, and remained disease-free. Univariate analysis showed that TNM staging, Tumor size, Borrmann classification of tumor growth, and preoperative serum CA72-4 level were correlated with recurrence of disease. Multivariate analysis showed that independent prognostic factor of recurrence was TNM staging (P = 0.0007).

Conclusions: Preoperative serum CA72-4 level is correlated with staging of disease, but is not an independent predictor for clinical recurrence of disease in patients with gastric cancers that undergo surgery.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Antigens, Tumor-Associated, Carbohydrate / blood*
  • Biomarkers, Tumor / blood*
  • CA-125 Antigen / blood*
  • CA-19-9 Antigen / blood*
  • Carcinoembryonic Antigen / blood*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Gastrectomy
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / blood
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / diagnosis*
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Prognosis
  • Prospective Studies
  • Stomach Neoplasms / blood
  • Stomach Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Stomach Neoplasms / pathology
  • Stomach Neoplasms / surgery
  • Tissue Polypeptide Antigen / blood*

Substances

  • Antigens, Tumor-Associated, Carbohydrate
  • Biomarkers, Tumor
  • CA-125 Antigen
  • CA-19-9 Antigen
  • CA-72-4 antigen
  • Carcinoembryonic Antigen
  • Tissue Polypeptide Antigen