BRCA2 T2722R Is a Deleterious Allele That Causes Exon Skipping

Am J Hum Genet. 2002 Sep;71(3):625-31. doi: 10.1086/342192. Epub 2002 Jul 19.

Abstract

Patients with a strong family history of breast cancer are often counseled to receive genetic screening for BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations, the strongest known predictors of breast cancer. A major limitation of genetic testing is the number of inconclusive results due to unclassified BRCA1 and BRCA2 sequence variants. Many known deleterious BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations affect splicing, and these typically lie near intron/exon boundaries. However, there are also potential internal exonic mutations that disrupt functional exonic splicing enhancer (ESE) sequences, resulting in exon skipping. Using previously established sequence matrices for the scoring of putative ESE motifs, we have systematically examined several BRCA2 mutations for potential ESE disruption mutations. These predictions revealed that BRCA2 T2722R (8393C-->G), which segregates with affected individuals in a family with breast cancer, disrupts three potential ESE sites. Reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction analysis confirms that this mutation causes exon skipping, leading to an out-of-frame fusion of BRCA2 exons 17 and 19. This represents the first BRCA2 missense mutation shown to be a predicted deleterious protein-truncating mutation and suggests a potentially useful method for determining the clinical significance of a subset of the many unclassified variants in BRCA1 and BRCA2.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Alleles*
  • Alternative Splicing / genetics*
  • Base Sequence
  • Exons / genetics*
  • Female
  • Genes, BRCA1
  • Genes, BRCA2*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutation, Missense / genetics*
  • Pedigree
  • RNA Splice Sites / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction

Substances

  • RNA Splice Sites
  • RNA, Messenger

Associated data

  • GENBANK/AY083934
  • OMIM/113705
  • OMIM/600185
  • RefSeq/NM_031542
  • RefSeq/XM_124706