Recovery of embryos of Zizania palustris following exposure to liquid nitrogen

Cryo Letters. 2000 Sep-Oct;21(5):261-270.


Factors affecting survival of embryos of Zizania palustris after exposure to liquid nitrogen were investigated. Moisture content was the most critical factor. Embryos desiccated to a moisture content between 0.36 and 0.56 g water per g dry weight had highest survival after liquid nitrogen exposure (56 +/- 4% and 52 +/- 9% respectively). The recovery of embryos in the light following liquid nitrogen exposure also influenced survival. Survival increased from 35 +/- 4% to 56 +/- 4% when embryos containing 0.36 g water per g dry weight were recovered in the dark compared to light. Embryos exposed to desiccation and freezing stresses were subject to increased levels of lipid peroxidation. Light exacerbated lipid peroxidation in recovering embryos. Furthermore, catalase and peroxidase, enzymes involved in reducing reactive oxygen species, increased in activity in response to stress, and were further up-regulated in tissues recovered in the light. This study suggests that there are a number of factors influencing the survival of tissues exposed to liquid nitrogen and recovery procedures that reduce oxidative stress should be employed.