Background: Spiral computed tomographic angiography (CTA) is a noninvasive method to diagnose renal artery stenosis (RAS). In digital subtraction angiography (DSA), contrast media (CM) is injected directly into the renal artery; in CTA, a greater amount of CM is injected intravenously, potentially leading to an increased incidence of CM nephropathy.
Methods: We investigated 80 patients with suspected RAS randomized to either CTA or DSA prospectively. The following parameters were determined: serum creatinine level and single-shot inulin clearance for evaluation of renal function and urine alpha1-microglobulin and beta-N-acetyl-glucoseaminidase (beta-NAG) as markers for tubular toxicity. Data from 16 patients undergoing angioplasty in the same session were excluded.
Results: In the CTA and DSA groups, 163 +/- 13 and 104 +/- 56 mL of CM (mean +/- SD; P < 0.0001) were administered, respectively. Mean serum creatinine levels increased from 1.78 +/- 1.61 to 1.92 +/-1.73 mg/dL (157 +/- 142 to 170 +/- 153 micromol/L; P = 0.00001) in the CTA group and from 1.52 +/- 1.23 to 1.60 +/- 1.28 mg/dL (134 +/- 109 to 141 +/- 113 micromol/L; P = 0.01) in the DSA group. Mean inulin clearance decreased from 63 +/- 28 to 58 +/- 23 mL/min (P = 0.01) and 65 +/- 26 to 62 +/- 26 mL/min (P < 0.01), median beta-NAG levels increased from 4.6 to 6.0 U/g creatinine (P = not significant) and 2.5 to 8.0 U/g creatinine (P < 0.001), and median alpha1-microglobulin levels increased from 13 to 17 microg/g creatinine (P < 0.025) and 11 to 21 microg/g creatinine (P = not significant) in the CTA and DSA groups, respectively. CM nephropathy occurred in 3 of 33 patients in the CTA group and 2 of 31 patients in the DSA group. The increase in creatinine level was reversible in all patients within 7 days.
Conclusion: On this study, CTA performed for the detection of RAS is not associated with an increased risk for CM nephropathy compared with intraarterial DSA despite a greater dose of CM.
Copyright 2002 by the National Kidney Foundation, Inc.