p53 activation results in rapid dephosphorylation of the eIF4E-binding protein 4E-BP1, inhibition of ribosomal protein S6 kinase and inhibition of translation initiation

Oncogene. 2002 Aug 8;21(34):5325-34. doi: 10.1038/sj.onc.1205662.

Abstract

p53 is an important regulator of cell cycle progression and apoptosis, and inactivation of p53 is associated with tumorigenesis. Although p53 exerts many of its effects through regulation of transcription, this protein is also found in association with ribosomes and several mRNAs have been identified that are translationally controlled in a p53-dependent manner. We have utilized murine erythroleukemic cells that express a temperature-sensitive p53 protein to determine whether p53 also functions at the level of translation. The data presented here demonstrate that p53 causes a rapid decrease in translation initiation. Analysis of several potential mechanisms for regulating protein synthesis shows that p53 has selective effects on the phosphorylation of the eIF4E-binding protein, 4E-BP1, and the activity of the p70 ribosomal protein S6 kinase. These data provide evidence that modulation of translational activity constitutes a further mechanism by which the growth inhibitory effects of p53 may be mediated.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
  • Amino Acids / metabolism
  • Carrier Proteins / genetics
  • Carrier Proteins / metabolism*
  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • Cell Line
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21
  • Cyclins / metabolism
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism
  • Erythrocytes / cytology
  • Erythrocytes / metabolism
  • Eukaryotic Initiation Factor-4E
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Humans
  • Leukemia, Erythroblastic, Acute / metabolism*
  • Peptide Initiation Factors / genetics
  • Peptide Initiation Factors / metabolism
  • Phosphoproteins / genetics
  • Phosphoproteins / metabolism*
  • Phosphorylation
  • Protein Biosynthesis
  • Protein Kinases
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / metabolism
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
  • Repressor Proteins / genetics
  • Repressor Proteins / metabolism
  • Ribosomal Protein S6 Kinases / metabolism*
  • Ribosomes / metabolism
  • TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • Temperature
  • Transcription Factors / metabolism
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / metabolism*

Substances

  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
  • Amino Acids
  • CDKN1A protein, human
  • Carrier Proteins
  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21
  • Cyclins
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • EIF4EBP1 protein, human
  • Eukaryotic Initiation Factor-4E
  • Peptide Initiation Factors
  • Phosphoproteins
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • Repressor Proteins
  • Transcription Factors
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
  • Protein Kinases
  • MTOR protein, human
  • TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
  • Ribosomal Protein S6 Kinases