Maternal exposure to diethylene glycol monomethyl ether: a possible role in the etiology of retrocaval ureter

J Pediatr Surg. 2002 Aug;37(8):E23. doi: 10.1053/jpsu.2002.34500.


Retrocaval ureter is a very rare condition. In light of the experimental studies, one of the etiologic factors seems to be maternal contact with diethylene glycol monomethyl ether or ethylene glycol monomethyl ether. A case of cardiovascular, skeletal, and retrocaval ureter anomalies caused by possible maternal contact while pregnant with these materials at her work in a textile factory is presented.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Abnormalities, Multiple / chemically induced*
  • Child, Preschool
  • Coloring Agents / adverse effects
  • Ethylene Glycols / adverse effects*
  • Female
  • Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular / chemically induced*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Maternal Exposure / adverse effects*
  • Occupational Exposure / adverse effects
  • Pregnancy
  • Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects*
  • Ureter / abnormalities*


  • Coloring Agents
  • Ethylene Glycols
  • diethylene glycol monomethyl ether