Anger and sadness regulation: predictions to internalizing and externalizing symptoms in children

J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol. 2002 Sep;31(3):393-8. doi: 10.1207/S15374424JCCP3103_11.


Examined the relation between children's self-reported anger and sadness regulation and the presence of internalizing and externalizing symptoms. Participants were 121 boys and 106 girls in the fourth and fifth grades who completed the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children (STAIC), Emotion Expression Scale for Children (EESC), and Children's Emotion Management Scales (CSMS, CAMS) and rated each other on aggressive behavior. Results of multiple regression analyses indicated that the inability to identify emotional states, the inhibition of anger, the dysregulation of anger and sadness, and the constructive coping with anger predicted internalizing symptoms. The dysregulated expression of sadness and constructive coping with anger were inversely related to externalizing symptoms.

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological*
  • Affect*
  • Anger*
  • Anxiety / diagnosis
  • Anxiety / psychology*
  • Awareness
  • Child
  • Depression / diagnosis
  • Depression / psychology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Regression Analysis
  • Self Concept
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Surveys and Questionnaires