Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding

Semin Laparosc Surg. 2002 Jun;9(2):105-14.

Abstract

The introduction of laparoscopic adjustable silicone gastric banding (LASGB) has recently revolutionized gastric restrictive procedures in the treatment of morbid obesity. We analysed the short and long term results of this minimally invasive bariatric procedure. A total of 652 patients with a body mass of (median) 45 kg/m(2) were treated. There were only minor preoperative incidents. One patient died more than one month after the procedure. Early postoperative complications included 2 gastric perforations caused by a nasogastric tube and one early slipping of the band. Late complications occurred in 7% of the patients: 25 patients suffered a pouch dilation, 2 patients had gastric erosion by the band; 18 patients had port complications requiring reoperation. Loss of excess weight was 62% at 2 years. Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding is a safe and effective treatment for morbid obesity. The most frequent complication is pouch dilation. Further study is warranted for the evaluation of long term results.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Female
  • Gastroplasty / methods*
  • Humans
  • Laparoscopy*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Obesity, Morbid / surgery*
  • Postoperative Complications
  • Silicone Elastomers
  • Stomach / surgery*
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Weight Loss

Substances

  • Silicone Elastomers