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. 2002 Aug 2;297(5582):843-5.
doi: 10.1126/science.1073160.

betaAR Signaling Required for Diet-Induced Thermogenesis and Obesity Resistance

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betaAR Signaling Required for Diet-Induced Thermogenesis and Obesity Resistance

Eric S Bachman et al. Science. .

Abstract

Excessive caloric intake is thought to be sensed by the brain, which then activates thermogenesis as a means of preventing obesity. The sympathetic nervous system, through beta-adrenergic receptor (betaAR) action on target tissues, is likely the efferent arm of this homeostatic mechanism. To test this hypothesis, we created mice that lack the three known betaARs (beta-less mice). beta-less mice on a Chow diet had a reduced metabolic rate and were slightly obese. On a high-fat diet, beta-less mice, in contrast to wild-type mice, developed massive obesity that was due entirely to a failure of diet-induced thermogenesis. These findings establish that betaARs are necessary for diet-induced thermogenesis and that this efferent pathway plays a critical role in the body's defense against diet-induced obesity.

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