The distribution and ultrastructural localization of the orexin-1 receptor (OX(1)R) in the rat arcuate nucleus were studied using immunocytochemical techniques. OX(1)R-containing neurons were found throughout the nucleus, but were concentrated in its posterior region. Both OX(1)R-positive perikarya and dendrites were found to receive synapses from other unknown axon terminals. In addition, a small number of OX(1)R-positive axon terminals were observed. These OX(1)R-immunoreactive axon terminals were often found to make synapses on unidentified immunonegative dendritic processes. The present results indicate that orexin may act on food intake regulating neurons through both pre- and post-synaptic OX(1)R.
Copyright 2002 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.