BRCA2 and Smad3 synergize in regulation of gene transcription

Oncogene. 2002 Aug 15;21(36):5660-4. doi: 10.1038/sj.onc.1205732.


Smad3 is an essential component in the intracellular signaling of transforming growth factor-beta (TGFbeta), which is a potent inhibitor of tumor cell proliferation. BRCA2 is a tumor suppressor involved in early onset of breast, ovarian and prostate cancer. Both Smad3 and BRCA2 possess transcription activation domains. Here, we show that Smad3 and BRCA2 interact functionally and physically. We found that BRCA2 forms a complex with Smad3 in vitro and in vivo, and that both MH1 and MH2 domains of Smad3 contribute to the interaction. TGFbeta1 stimulates interaction of endogenous Smad3 and BRCA2 in non-transfected cells. BRCA2 co-activates Smad3-dependent transcriptional activation of luciferase reporter and expression of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1). Smad3 increases the transcriptional activity of BRCA2 fused to the DNA-binding domain (DBD) of Gal4, and reciprocally, BRCA2 co-activates DBD-Gal4-Smad3. Thus, our results show that BRCA2 and Smad3 form a complex and synergize in regulation of transcription.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • BRCA2 Protein / genetics*
  • Binding Sites
  • Blotting, Western
  • Breast Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Breast Neoplasms / metabolism
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics*
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism
  • Drug Synergism
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic*
  • Genes, Reporter / genetics
  • Glutathione Transferase / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Plasmids
  • Protein Binding
  • Signal Transduction
  • Smad3 Protein
  • Trans-Activators / genetics*
  • Trans-Activators / metabolism
  • Transcription, Genetic*
  • Transcriptional Activation
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta / metabolism
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta / pharmacology*
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured


  • BRCA2 Protein
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • SMAD3 protein, human
  • Smad3 Protein
  • Trans-Activators
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta
  • Glutathione Transferase