Analyses of a multi-centre database of 71 patients at risk of raised ICP showed that in head injured patients (n = 19) and tumour patients (n = 13) clear inverse relationships of ICP vs compliance exist. SAH patients (n = 5) appear to exhibit a biphasic relationship between ICP and compliance, however greater numbers of patients need to be recruited to this group. Patients with hydrocephalus (n = 34) show an initial decrease in compliance while ICP is less than 20 mmHg, thereafter compliance does not show a dependence upon ICP. A power analysis confirmed that sufficient numbers of patients have been recruited in the hydrocephalus group and a ROC analysis determined that a mean compliance value of 0.809 (lower and upper 95% CL = 0.725 & 0.894 resp.) was a critical threshold for raised ICP greater than 10 mmHg. Preliminary time-series analyses of the ICP and compliance data is revealing evidence that the cumulative time compliance is in a low compliance state (< 0.5 ml/mmHg), as a proportion of total monitoring time, increases more rapidly than the cumulative time ICP is greater than 25 mmHg. Before trials testing compliance thresholds can be designed, we need to consider not just the absolute threshold, but the duration of time spent below threshold. A survey may be required to identify a consensus of what is the minimum duration of raised ICP above 25 mmHg needed to instigate treatment.