Gastric Phytobezoars May Be Treated by Nasogastric Coca-Cola Lavage

Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2002 Jul;14(7):801-3. doi: 10.1097/00042737-200207000-00017.

Abstract

Large gastric phytobezoars may occur in patients with gastric dysmotility disorders. Treatment options include dissolution with enzymes, endoscopic fragmentation with removal or aspiration, and surgery. We report our experience with nasogastric cola lavage therapy. Over an 8-year period, five consecutive patients were referred to our unit for endoscopic treatment of large gastric phytobezoars. They included one patient with lobectomy for lung cancer and four patients with diabetic gastroparesis. An initial attempt of endoscopic fragmentation and removal was unsuccessful. Patients were treated with 3 l of Coca-Cola nasogastric lavage over 12 h. Nasogastric lavage was very well tolerated by the patients. Complete phytobezoar dissolution was achieved in one session in all cases. There were no procedure-related complications. The dissolution of large gastric phytobezoars with cola nasogastric lavage is a safe, rapid and effective method. Patients may be treated in the medical ward, avoiding therapeutic endoscopy or surgery.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Bezoars / prevention & control
  • Bezoars / therapy*
  • Carbonated Beverages*
  • Female
  • Gastric Lavage / methods*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Stomach*