The developmental competence of bovine oocytes meiotically arrested with specific cdk2 inhibitor roscovitine was studied. After removal of the 32-h block with roscovitine, 82.7 +/- 5.4% reached the metaphase II stage at the end of maturation, which was lower than in controls (96.3 +/- 1.3%, p < 0.001). The process of polar body formation started at 11 h of maturation in the roscovitine group, that is 4 h earlier than in controls and its kinetics was quite similar to controls up to 16 h of maturation, when nearly 70% of oocytes extruded their polar bodies. The rate of blastocyst formation of roscovitine oocytes and their cell number after IVF, parthenogenetic activation, and nuclear transfer (NT) were equal to controls, which demonstrates the possibility of artificially maintaining bovine oocytes in the GV stage for 32 h without altering their preimplantation developmental competence. This approach can be very useful for the management of an NT program where enucleated oocytes are required at specific times or locations.