The effects of a 10-week, periodized, off-season resistance-training program and creatine supplementation among collegiate football players

J Strength Cond Res. 2002 Aug;16(3):343-52.

Abstract

The periodized resistance-training model has not been well documented in the literature. Further research is needed to determine if periodized resistance training in conjunction with creatine supplementation can cause changes in strength, performance, total body weight, girth, and lean muscle mass. Therefore, the purpose of this investigation was to determine the effects of periodized resistance training in conjunction with low-dose (LD) and high-dose (HD) creatine supplementation on strength, body composition, and anaerobic muscular endurance. Subjects were divided into 3 groups: LD, HD, and placebo (P). Testing took place pre-, mid-, and postsupplementation for the following: weight, body composition (fat-free mass and fat mass), 1 repetition maximum squat, and anaerobic muscular endurance testing. Results revealed no significant differences in either creatine group when compared with the P group. However, significant differences were noted over time. These data suggest that 10 weeks of periodized resistance training was effective for causing changes in strength, body composition, and anaerobic muscular endurance.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Controlled Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Anaerobiosis
  • Anthropometry
  • Body Composition
  • Body Weight
  • Creatine / administration & dosage*
  • Dietary Supplements*
  • Exercise / physiology*
  • Football*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Muscle, Skeletal / physiology
  • Physical Endurance
  • Single-Blind Method

Substances

  • Creatine