Garlic (Allium sativum) as an anti-Candida agent: a comparison of the efficacy of fresh garlic and freeze-dried extracts

J Appl Microbiol. 2002;93(3):398-405. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2672.2002.01707.x.


Aims: To determine the effects of fresh and freeze-dried extracts of Allium sativum on the physiology and morphology of Candida albicans.

Methods and results: Inhibition of growth in glucose-yeast extract-peptone was measured using a multiwell plate reader. Scanning and transmission electron microscopy investigations indicated loss of structural integrity. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of extracts was employed to separate and quantify putative inhibitory sulphur-containing components.

Conclusions: Fresh garlic extract has a greater efficacy than garlic powder extract as indicated both by its effects on morphology and inhibition of growth.

Significance and impact of the study: The ubiquitous opportunistic pathogen C. albicans is sensitive to garlic; resistance to the broad spectrum of active principles present is unlikely so that its anticandidal effects may provide an important alternative route to chemotherapy.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Antifungal Agents / pharmacology*
  • Candida albicans / drug effects*
  • Candida albicans / growth & development
  • Candida albicans / ultrastructure
  • Culture Media
  • Freeze Drying*
  • Garlic*
  • Humans
  • Microbial Sensitivity Tests
  • Microscopy, Electron
  • Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
  • Plant Extracts / pharmacology*


  • Antifungal Agents
  • Culture Media
  • Plant Extracts