Identification of rat pancreatic carcinoma genes associated with lymphogenous metastasis

Anticancer Res. 2002 Jul-Aug;22(4):2015-27.


In order to identify metastasis-associated and promoting genes of pancreatic carcinoma we investigated the transcriptional profile of rat pancreatic carcinoma cell lines BSp73-AS (non-metastatic) and BSp73-ASML (highly metastatic) with Affymetrix GeneChip Array technology. We analyzed the expression profile of 7000 genes. Two hundred and ten genes (3%) were up-regulated and 247 genes (3.5%) were down-regulated in the metastatic cell line based on a fold change of expression of at least 3 and a change factor quality of > or = 2. In order to classify the de-regulated genes we defined the following categories: proteases and protease-related genes, cytokines, receptor tyrosine kinases, other transmembrane proteins/receptors, transcription, cell cycle/apoptosis, signaling, adhesion/extracellular matrix, metabolism, detoxification, protein modification, trafficking, immune response and other genes. We identified de-regulated AP1, FRA-1 and c-myc-mediated transcription in cell line BSp73-ASML. Up-regulation of transmembrane tyrosine kinase receptors c-met, IGFR1, IGFR2 and EGFR family-related ligands such as HB-EGF, TGFa, amphiregulin and neuregulin as well as c-met ligand HGF point to a possible role of this system in metastasis. We identified 56 non-tyrosine kinase transmembrane receptors as new target candidates for inhibition of metastasis, four of them representing already validated targets. In addition, we identified MMP9, uPA, uPAR, cyclin D1 and S100A4 (mts1) as possible contributors of the metastatic phenotype.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Blotting, Northern
  • DNA Primers
  • Gene Expression Profiling*
  • Lymphatic Metastasis / genetics*
  • Neoplasm Proteins / genetics*
  • Pancreatic Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Pancreatic Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Rats
  • Transcription, Genetic
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured


  • DNA Primers
  • Neoplasm Proteins