Contemporary views on dry socket (alveolar osteitis): a clinical appraisal of standardization, aetiopathogenesis and management: a critical review

Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2002 Jun;31(3):309-17. doi: 10.1054/ijom.2002.0263.


The objective of this article is to harmonize descriptive definitions for the condition known as alveolar osteitis and to critically review and discuss the aetiology and pathogenesis of alveolar osteitis. In addition, the need for the identification and elimination of risk factors as well as the preventive and symptomatic management of the condition are discussed. The aim of this critical review is to provide a better basis for clinical management of the condition. A meta-analysis of data was not done.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Infective Agents / therapeutic use
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal / therapeutic use
  • Antifibrinolytic Agents / therapeutic use
  • Dry Socket* / drug therapy
  • Dry Socket* / etiology
  • Dry Socket* / physiopathology
  • Dry Socket* / prevention & control
  • Fibrinolysis
  • Humans
  • Occlusive Dressings
  • Reference Standards
  • Terminology as Topic
  • Tooth Extraction / adverse effects*


  • Anti-Infective Agents
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
  • Antifibrinolytic Agents