Recovery from checkpoint-mediated arrest after repair of a double-strand break requires Srs2 helicase

Mol Cell. 2002 Aug;10(2):373-85. doi: 10.1016/s1097-2765(02)00593-2.

Abstract

In Saccharomyces strains in which homologous recombination is delayed sufficiently to activate the DNA damage checkpoint, Rad53p checkpoint kinase activity appears 1 hr after DSB induction and disappears soon after completion of repair. Cells lacking Srs2p helicase fail to recover even though they apparently complete DNA repair; Rad53p kinase remains activated. srs2Delta cells also fail to adapt when DSB repair is prevented. The recovery defect of srs2Delta is suppressed in mec1Delta strains lacking the checkpoint or when DSB repair occurs before checkpoint activation. Permanent preanaphase arrest of srs2Delta cells is reversed by the addition of caffeine after cells have arrested. Thus, in addition to its roles in recombination, Srs2p appears to be needed to turn off the DNA damage checkpoint.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Physiological
  • Cell Cycle Proteins*
  • Cell Cycle*
  • Checkpoint Kinase 1
  • Checkpoint Kinase 2
  • DNA Damage*
  • DNA Helicases / genetics
  • DNA Helicases / metabolism*
  • DNA Repair*
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism
  • Deoxyribonucleases, Type II Site-Specific / metabolism
  • Flow Cytometry
  • Gene Conversion
  • Gene Deletion
  • Protein Kinases / metabolism
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / metabolism
  • Rad51 Recombinase
  • Rad52 DNA Repair and Recombination Protein
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / cytology*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / enzymology*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / genetics
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / genetics
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / metabolism*

Substances

  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • RAD52 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Rad52 DNA Repair and Recombination Protein
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • SRS2 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Protein Kinases
  • Checkpoint Kinase 2
  • Checkpoint Kinase 1
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • RAD53 protein, S cerevisiae
  • RAD51 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Rad51 Recombinase
  • SCEI protein, S cerevisiae
  • Deoxyribonucleases, Type II Site-Specific
  • DNA Helicases