Potentiometric measurement of cell volume changes and intracellular ion concentrations under voltage-clamp conditions in invertebrate nerve cells

Anal Bioanal Chem. 2002 Apr;373(8):762-6. doi: 10.1007/s00216-002-1415-7. Epub 2002 Jul 23.

Abstract

Because changes in cell volume might disturb the normal function of animal cells, most cells are endowed with volume-regulating mechanisms. Experimentally induced changes in cell volume are often paralleled by changes in the membrane potential, which might affect a variety of transport processes across the cell membrane and, in turn, volume regulation [1, 2]. We have shown previously that multi-barrelled ion-selective microelectrodes are useful tools for measurement of cell volume and the intracellular concentrations of ions that might be relevant to volume regulation [1]. To investigate whether voltage-dependent transport processes are involved in cell-volume regulation we combined the potentiometric technique of ion-selective microelectrodes with the voltage-clamp technique. This combination enables simultaneous recording of cell volume, relevant intracellular ion concentrations, and ion currents across the cell membrane at a fixed membrane potential.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Invertebrates
  • Ions / analysis*
  • Microelectrodes
  • Neurons / chemistry*
  • Patch-Clamp Techniques
  • Potentiometry / methods*

Substances

  • Ions