Complete bladder exstrophy with a normal phallus: A variant of superior vesical fissure

J Pediatr Surg. 2002 Sep;37(9):1354-6. doi: 10.1053/jpsu.2002.35009.


Variations in the anatomic defects of the bladder exstrophy are well recognized, but their incidence is extremely low. Here the authors describe a rare case of superior vesical fissure in which a relatively large defect caused the whole bladder to prolapse outside. A review of literature found only 2 other cases that resembled our case. This particular variation of exstrophy is not only important owing to its extreme rarity but also raises a question for an embryologic explanation.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Bladder Exstrophy* / embryology
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Penis / embryology
  • Urinary Bladder Fistula* / embryology