To study the influence of Toxoplasma gondii genotypes on the severity of human congenital toxoplasmosis (asymptomatic, benign, or severe infection or newborn or fetal death), 8 microsatellite markers were used to analyze 86 T. gondii isolates collected from patients with congenital toxoplasmosis. Seventy-four different genotypes were detected, some identical genotypes originating probably from the same source of contamination. The 3 less polymorphic microsatellite markers associated with 6 isoenzymatic markers allowed a classification of isolates into the 3 classical types and detected atypical genotypes. Whatever the clinical findings, type II isolates were largely predominant (84.88% in the whole collection and 96.49% in 57 consecutive cases). Type I and atypical isolates were not found in asymptomatic or benign congenital toxoplasmosis. However, in 4 cases in which children were not infected despite isolation of T. gondii from placenta, only type I isolates were found.