Physical interaction between transient receptor potential (Trp) channels and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors (IP(3)Rs) has been presented as a candidate mechanism for the activation of store-mediated Ca(2+) entry. The role of a human homologue of Drosophila transient receptor potential channel, hTrp1, in the conduction of store-mediated Ca(2+) entry was examined in human platelets. Incubation of platelets with a specific antibody, which recognizes the extracellular amino acid sequence 557-571 of hTrp1, inhibited both store depletion-induced Ca(2+) and Mn(2+) entry in a concentration-dependent manner. Stimulation of platelets with the physiological agonist thrombin activated coupling between the IP(3) receptor type II and endogenously expressed hTrp1. This event was reversed by refilling of the internal Ca(2+) stores but maintained after removal of the agonist if the stores were not allowed to refill. Inhibition of IP(3) recycling using Li(+) or inhibition of IP(3)Rs with xestospongin C or treatment with jasplakinolide, to stabilize the cortical actin filament network, abolished thrombin-induced coupling between hTrp1 and IP(3)R type II. Incubation with the anti-hTrp1 antibody inhibited thrombin-evoked Ca(2+) entry without affecting Ca(2+) release from intracellular stores. These results provide evidence for the involvement of hTrp1 in the activation of store-mediated Ca(2+) entry by coupling to IP(3)R type II in normal human cells.