Anti-angiogenesis is likely to develop into a novel therapeutic approach for patients with solid malignancies. Most current clinical trials evaluate anti-angiogenic drugs aimed primarily against single angiogenesis stimulators. Here, we show that a single solid malignancy, i.e., a human embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma, produces in vivo at least three biologically active angiogenesis stimulators (vascular endothelial growth factor, basic fibroblast growth factor and interleukin-8). This suggests that tumour angiogenesis results from the activity of multiple, rather than a single angiogenesis stimulator(s). We, furthermore, show that a combination of anti-angiogenic drugs is more effective in inhibiting tumour-induced endothelial cell growth than a single agent. Our results imply that clinical anti-angiogenic strategies for the treatment of solid malignancies may be most effective when multiple rather than single antiangiogenic drugs are used.