Objective: To determine the incidence of candidemia in French hospitals.
Materials and methods: A representative sample of 25 French hospitals [nine teaching hospitals (TH), ten general hospitals (GH) and six cancer referral centers (CRC)] was randomly selected. The incidence rates of candidemia per number of admissions and per patient-days of hospitalization were determined and extrapolated to the national level.
Results: From January 1, 1995 to December 31, 1995, the overall incidence rate per 1000 admissions was 0.29, ranging from 0.71/1000 in CRC, to 0.17/1000 in GH. The overall incidence for 1000 patient-days was 0.035 and the highest incidence was also observed in CRC (0.116/1000), followed by TH (0.052/1000). Candida albicans (53%) was the most common species isolated, a central venous catheter (26%) was the most common portal of entry and 50% of the candidaemic patients had a neoplasm.
Conclusion: This study should enable us to optimize surveillance, prevention and treatment of these potentially life-threatening infections.