We have developed an automated method for discovering tissue-specific regulation of alternative splicing through a genome-wide analysis of expressed sequence tags (ESTs). Using this approach, we have identified 667 tissue-specific alternative splice forms of human genes. We validated our muscle-specific and brain-specific splice forms for known genes. A high fraction (8/10) were reported to have a matching tissue specificity by independent studies in the published literature. The number of tissue-specific alternative splice forms is highest in brain, while eye-retina, muscle, skin, testis and lymph have the greatest enrichment of tissue-specific splicing. Overall, 10-30% of human alternatively spliced genes in our data show evidence of tissue-specific splice forms. Seventy-eight percent of our tissue-specific alternative splices appear to be novel discoveries. We present bioinformatics analysis of several tissue-specific splice forms, including automated protein isoform sequence and domain prediction, showing how our data can provide valuable insights into gene function in different tissues. For example, we have discovered a novel kidney-specific alternative splice form of the WNK1 gene, which appears to specifically disrupt its N-terminal kinase domain and may play a role in PHAII hypertension. Our database greatly expands knowledge of tissue-specific alternative splicing and provides a comprehensive dataset for investigating its functional roles and regulation in different human tissues.