Prostaglandins and cystoid macular edema

Surv Ophthalmol. 2002 Aug;47 Suppl 1:S203-18. doi: 10.1016/s0039-6257(02)00294-1.


This review discusses the roles and interactions of prostaglandins and other possible chemical mediators in cystoid macular edema. Prostaglandins have been studied as a potential causative factor of cystoid macular edema following cataract/intraocular lens surgery. The authors' hypothesis and data with regard to the mechanisms of postoperative cystoid macular edema and other inflammatory conditions are presented. The effects of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, which are antagonists of prostaglandin biosynthesis, on postoperative inflammatory conditions including cystoid macular edema are also reviewed. Lastly, a mechanism for the induction of cystoid macular edema by anti-glaucoma eyedrops, including prostaglandin analogs is proposed. The results from two clinical trials recently conducted by the authors suggest that the preservative rather than the active ingredient is the causative factor.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal / therapeutic use
  • Antihypertensive Agents / adverse effects*
  • Antihypertensive Agents / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Blood-Aqueous Barrier / drug effects
  • Blood-Retinal Barrier / drug effects
  • Cataract Extraction / adverse effects
  • Glaucoma / drug therapy
  • Humans
  • Intraocular Pressure / drug effects
  • Latanoprost
  • Lens Implantation, Intraocular / adverse effects
  • Macular Edema / chemically induced*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Prostaglandins F, Synthetic / adverse effects*
  • Prostaglandins F, Synthetic / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic


  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
  • Antihypertensive Agents
  • Prostaglandins F, Synthetic
  • Latanoprost