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, 152 (2), 217-28

The Kinetics of Incorporation in Vivo of (14C)acetate and (14C)carbon Dioxide Into the Fatty Acids of Glycerolipids in Developing Leaves

The Kinetics of Incorporation in Vivo of (14C)acetate and (14C)carbon Dioxide Into the Fatty Acids of Glycerolipids in Developing Leaves

C R Slack et al. Biochem J.

Abstract

1. The patterns of incorporation of (14)C into glycerolipid fatty acids of developing maize leaf lamina from supplied [1-(14)C]acetate and from (14)CO(2) during steady-state photosynthesis were similar. Oleate of phosphatidylcholine and palmitate of phosphatidylglycerol attained linear rates of labelling more rapidly than did other fatty acids, particularly the linoleate and linolenate of monogalactosyl diacylglycerol. 2. After the transfer of lamina from labelled to unlabelled acetate, there was a decrease in labelled oleate and linoleate of phosphatidylcholine and a concomitant increase in the amount of radioactivity in the linoleate and linolenate of monogalactosyl diacylglycerol. 3. The rapidly labelled phospholipids, phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylglycerol, were shown by differential and sucrose-density-gradient centrifugation to be associated with different organelles, the former being mainly in a low-density membrane fraction, probably microsomal, and the latter mainly in chloroplasts. 4. During a 48h period after supplying spinach leaves with [(14)C]acetate, radioactivity was lost from the oleate of phosphatidylcholine present in fractions sedimented at 12000g and 105000g, and accumulated in the linolenate of monogalactosyl diacylglycerol of the chloroplast. 5. It is proposed that the phosphatidylcholine of some non-plastid membranes is intimately involved in the process of oleate desaturation and that this lipid serves as a donor of unsaturated C(18) fatty acids to other lipids, principally monogalactosyl diacylglycerol, of the chloroplasts.

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