Prominent osteoconductive activity and the biodegradable nature of beta tricalcium phosphate (beta-TCP) for bone grafts in animal experiments has been reported. A new type of beta-TCP has been manufactured at extraordinarily high purity and has been available as potent bone grafting substitute for clinical use. The histological features of grafted beta-TCP in human bone have been analyzed. A 33-year-old female with a bone tumor of the proximal femur underwent curettage and beta-TCP graft under the diagnosis of probable benign fibrous dysplasia. Four weeks later, the proximal femur, including the grafted beta-TCP was resected because of the final diagnosis of the curettaged materials was osteosarcoma. The resected specimen revealed abundant direct new bone apposition on beta-TCP. There was no cartilaginous tissue or enchondral ossification. Bone formation was more prominent in the periphery of the grafted area than in the center. There was a considerable number of osteoclast-like giant cells surrounding the beta-TCP. This case illustrated that highly purified beta-TCP had prominent osteoconductive activity and biodegradable nature in human bone.
Copyright 2002 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res (Appl Biomater) 63: 601-604, 2002