Centrosome duplication is under precise control and occurs only once in a normal mammalian cell cycle. Disruption of this process causes centrosome amplification, unequal segregation of chromosomes and, ultimately, tumorigenesis. Recent studies indicate that breast cancer suppressor gene 1 (BRCA1) plays an important role in regulating centrosome duplication. BRCA1 is located in the centrosome and binds to gamma-tubulin. It interacts with a variety of proteins that regulate centrosome duplication, including BRCA2, CDK2-Cyclin A, CDK2-Cyclin E, Gadd45, p21, p53 and Rb. Furthermore, targeted disruption of murine BRCA1 results in centrosome amplification, suggesting that BRCA1 serves as a negative regulator for centrosome duplication. This review will examine these data and discuss possible relationships between BRCA1 and its interacting proteins in centrosome duplication.