Hypothesis: The extraperitoneal translumbar approach and retroperitoneoscopy are useful in the treatment and follow-up of patients with infected pancreatic necrosis.
Design: Descriptive study.
Setting: University hospital.
Patients: Fifteen consecutive patients with infected and drained pancreatic necrosis.
Interventions: Extraperitoneal translumbar approach to drain and retroperitoneoscopy as a method to propose evolutive control.
Main outcome measures: Morbidity and mortality.
Results: Four (27%) of 15 patients died, and 3 (20%) of 15 patients experienced complications during hospital admission.
Conclusions: The retroperitoneal access to infected pancreatic necrosis has low rates of mortality and morbidity and a low percentage of repeated surgeries, and retroperitoneoscopy facilitates evolutive control of treated infected pancreatic necrosis.