Efficacy and safety of highly purified menotropin versus recombinant follicle-stimulating hormone in in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection cycles: a randomized, comparative trial

Fertil Steril. 2002 Sep;78(3):520-8. doi: 10.1016/s0015-0282(02)03250-8.


Objective: To demonstrate that highly purified human menopausal gonadotropin (HP-hMG) is as efficient and safe as recombinant FSH in females undergoing in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) treatment cycles.

Design: Multinational, open label, randomized, parallel group, comparative phase III trial.

Setting: In 22 centers across six countries; Belgium (1 center), Germany (6 centers), Israel (6 centers), The Netherlands (2 centers), Switzerland (1 center) and the United Kingdom (6 centers).

Patient(s): A total of 781 women were enrolled between May 1999 and November 2000.

Intervention(s): In the all-patients-treated population, 373 patients received HP-hMG and 354 received recombinant FSH. A long protocol GnRH agonist regimen was used.

Main outcome measure(s): The primary end point was ongoing pregnancy rate following one IVF/ICSI treatment cycle. Safety was assessed as a secondary end point.

Result(s): Ongoing pregnancy rates 10 weeks after ovum pickup in the per-protocol population were 25% (n = 85/344) in the HP-hMG group and 22% (n = 71/317) in the recombinant FSH group. The incidence of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, miscarriage, adverse events, and injection site reactions (tolerability) were similar in both treatment groups.

Conclusion(s): We found HP-hMG to be as effective as recombinant FSH in terms of ongoing clinical pregnancy. Both treatments have a similar safety/tolerability profile.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Clinical Trial, Phase III
  • Comparative Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Estradiol / blood
  • Female
  • Fertilization / physiology
  • Fertilization in Vitro*
  • Follicle Stimulating Hormone / therapeutic use*
  • Humans
  • Infertility, Female / etiology
  • Infertility, Male / etiology
  • Male
  • Melanocyte-Stimulating Hormones / therapeutic use*
  • Ovulation Induction
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Outcome
  • Recombinant Proteins / therapeutic use
  • Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic*
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Estradiol
  • Follicle Stimulating Hormone
  • Melanocyte-Stimulating Hormones