Is isoniazid ototoxic in patients undergoing hemodialysis?

Nephron. 2002 Oct;92(2):478-80. doi: 10.1159/000063306.


Drug-induced ototoxicity might sometimes be a problem in end-stage renal failure (ESRF) patients. However, ototoxicity secondary to isoniazid intake has not been reported in ESRF until now. During the last decade, ototoxicity was diagnosed in 16.6% (7/42) of our ESRF patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD) who also used antituberculosis therapy. Streptomycin was not included in any of these regimens, isoniazid was used by all 7 patients with ototoxicity and there was reversal of hearing loss in 2 of these patients after discontinuation of isoniazid. In our ESRF-HD patients who developed ototoxicity during the course of antituberculosis therapy, isoniazid was probably the responsible agent either alone or it added to the side effects of other drugs.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Antitubercular Agents / adverse effects*
  • Female
  • Hearing Loss / chemically induced*
  • Hearing Loss / etiology
  • Humans
  • Isoniazid / adverse effects*
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / complications
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / therapy
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Renal Dialysis / adverse effects*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Tuberculosis / complications
  • Tuberculosis / drug therapy


  • Antitubercular Agents
  • Isoniazid