Health problems and long-term unemployment

Soc Work Health Care. 2001;34(1-2):101-12. doi: 10.1080/00981380109517020.


The article deals with the relation between unemployment and health problems using as a case a local support project for long-term unemployed in northern Finland. Mass unemployment has increased competition on the labor market, and successful job-seekers must have a wider range of qualifications than before. As demands have intensified on the labor market, health has become a salient criterion in the recruitment process. At the same time the incidence of illness among long-term unemployed is surprisingly high. The situations of the project clients strongly indicate that health-related difficulties are one distinct risk factor for the long-term unemployed in finding work. We need new means for health promotion, more extensive psychosocial rehabilitation and local solutions for people who are unemployed.

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological
  • Chronic Disease* / epidemiology
  • Chronic Disease* / rehabilitation
  • Female
  • Finland / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Personnel Selection
  • Social Change
  • Social Work*
  • Unemployment / statistics & numerical data*