Magnetic resonance angiography with ultrashort echo times reduces the artefact of aneurysm clips

Neuroradiology. 2002 Sep;44(9):755-8. doi: 10.1007/s00234-002-0825-8. Epub 2002 Aug 14.


We evaluated the ability of an ultrashort echo time (TE) three-dimensional (3D) time-of-flight (TOF) magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) sequence to reduce the metal artefact of intracranial aneurysm clips and to display adjacent cerebral arteries. In five patients (aged 8-72 years) treated with Elgiloy or Phynox aneurysm clips we prospectively performed a conventional (TE 6.0 ms) and a new ultrashort TE (TE 2.4 ms) 3D TOF MRA. We compared the diameter of the clip-induced susceptibility artefact and the detectability of flow in adjacent vessels. The mean artefact diameter was 22.3+/-6.4 mm (range 14-38 mm) with the ultrashort TE and 27.7+/-6.4 mm (range 19-45 mm) with the conventional MRA ( P<0.0001). This corresponded to a diameter reduction of 19.5+/-9.2%. More parts of adjacent vessels were detected, but with less intense flow signal. The aneurysm dome and neck remained within the area of signal loss and were therefore not displayed. Ultrashort TE MRA is a noninvasive and fast method for improving detection of vessels adjacent to clipped intracranial aneurysms, by reducing clip-induced susceptibility artefact. The method cannot, however, be used to show remnants of the aneurysm neck or sac as a result of imperfect clipping.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Artifacts*
  • Child
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Intracranial Aneurysm / surgery*
  • Magnetic Resonance Angiography* / methods
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prospective Studies
  • Surgical Instruments*