Measurement issues related to studies of childhood obesity: assessment of body composition, body fat distribution, physical activity, and food intake

Pediatrics. 1998 Mar;101(3 Pt 2):505-18.

Abstract

This article reviews the current status of various methodologies used in obesity and nutrition research in children, with particular emphasis on identifying priorities for research needs. The focus of the article is 1) to review methodologic aspects involved with measurement of body composition, body-fat distribution, energy expenditure and substrate use, physical activity, and food intake in children; and 2) to present an inventory of research priorities.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Absorptiometry, Photon / methods
  • Adipose Tissue / anatomy & histology*
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Anthropometry / methods
  • Body Composition* / physiology
  • Body Weights and Measures / methods
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Densitometry / methods
  • Diet / statistics & numerical data
  • Eating / physiology*
  • Energy Metabolism / physiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods
  • Male
  • Obesity / diagnosis*
  • Obesity / epidemiology
  • Skinfold Thickness
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods