Theory of rectification in tour wires: the role of electrode coupling

Phys Rev Lett. 2002 Sep 23;89(13):138301. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.89.138301. Epub 2002 Sep 5.


We report first-principles studies of electronic transport and rectification in molecular wires attached to gold electrodes. Our ab initio calculation gives an accurate description of the voltage drop as well as the broadening and alignment of the molecular levels in the metal-molecule-metal complex. We find that the operation range and rectification in such strongly chemisorbed molecules is limited by the width of the transmission resonances and their proximity to the Fermi level.