The hydrologic cycle in deep-time climate problems

Nature. 2002 Sep 12;419(6903):191-8. doi: 10.1038/nature01088.


Hydrology refers to the whole panoply of effects the water molecule has on climate and on the land surface during its journey there and back again between ocean and atmosphere. On its way, it is cycled through vapour, cloud water, snow, sea ice and glacier ice, as well as acting as a catalyst for silicate-carbonate weathering reactions governing atmospheric carbon dioxide. Because carbon dioxide affects the hydrologic cycle through temperature, climate is a pas des deux between carbon dioxide and water, with important guest appearances by surface ice cover.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Climate*
  • Gases / chemistry
  • Gases / metabolism
  • Oceans and Seas
  • Planets
  • Radiation, Nonionizing
  • Rain
  • Temperature
  • Time Factors
  • Water / chemistry
  • Water / metabolism*


  • Gases
  • Water