Injury rehabilitation: a goal-setting intervention study

Res Q Exerc Sport. 2002 Sep;73(3):310-9. doi: 10.1080/02701367.2002.10609025.


The study examined the effects of a 5-week goal-setting intervention on athletes' rehabilitation adherence, self-efficacy, treatment efficacy, and the psychological response variables: dispirited and reorganization. Participants were matched across six variables and randomly assigned to one of three groups: goal-setting intervention, social support control, and control. The results confirmed some of the hypothesized effects of the goal-setting intervention: (a) athlete self-report of adherence showed the goal-setting group adhered significantly more to the rehabilitation program than the other two groups; (b) the goal-setting intervention resulted in significant group differences for self-efficacy (the goal-setting group having the highest level of self-efficacy); and (c) there was a significant increase across time for reorganization and decrease across time for dispirited (between specific time phases).

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Athletic Injuries / psychology
  • Athletic Injuries / rehabilitation*
  • Emotions
  • Female
  • Goals*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Self Efficacy
  • Social Support