Neighborhood structural characteristics and mental disorder: Faris and Dunham revisited

Soc Sci Med. 2002 Oct;55(8):1457-70. doi: 10.1016/s0277-9536(01)00266-0.


We examined the relationship between neighborhood structural characteristics and mental disorder using data from the National Institute of Mental Health's Epidemiological Catchment (ECA) surveys (n = 11,686). After controlling for individual-level characteristics, we found that neighborhood disadvantage was associated with higher rates of major depression and substance abuse disorder, and that neighborhood residential mobility was associated with higher rates of schizophrenia, major depression, and substance abuse disorder. Implications for future research on the social ecology of mental disorder are discussed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Catchment Area, Health
  • Depressive Disorder, Major / epidemiology*
  • Health Status Indicators*
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Middle Aged
  • Prevalence
  • Psychology, Social
  • Psychosocial Deprivation
  • Residence Characteristics / classification*
  • Residence Characteristics / statistics & numerical data
  • Risk Factors
  • Schizophrenia / epidemiology*
  • Socioeconomic Factors*
  • Substance-Related Disorders / epidemiology*
  • United States / epidemiology
  • Urban Health*