A potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) plasma membrane protein called pp34, the only known example of a plasma membrane protein that is phosphorylated specifically in response to defined Oligogalacturonide signals in plants, has been purified to apparent homogeneity. Polyclonal antibodies raised in rabbits against the purified pp34 protein immunoprecipitated a single thiophosphorylated protein species from potato plasma membranes, as analyzed by two-dimensional denaturing electrophoresis and fluorography. The pp34 antibodies also recognized a single protein in tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L.) membranes that is thiophosphorylated in response to Oligogalacturonide elicitors, as demonstrated by western blotting and specific immunoprecipitation. These experiments confirm the identity of the tomato membrane protein as a pp34 homolog and establish the high monospecificity of the pp34 antibodies. This will permit further investigation of the role of protein phosphorylation in oligouronide signaling for defensive genes in potato and tomato plants.