This study examined the ability of sweet elements extracted from Siraitia grosvenori (SG) to inhibit the oxidation of LDL. We monitored the formation of conjugated diene during copper-mediated LDL oxidation in the presence or absence of sweet elements of whole extract of SG (SG extract) or cucurbitane glycosides (CGs) purified from SG extract as sweet elements. CGs consist of Mogroside IV (Mog.IV), Mogroside V (Mog.V), 11-Oxo-mogroside V (11-Oxo-mog.V), and Siamenoside I (Sia.I). In addition, the effect of these elements on human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC)- mediated LDL oxidation was tested by measuring production of lipid peroxides. SG extract inhibited copper-mediated LDL oxidation in a dose-dependent fashion, but neither glucose nor erythritol suppressed the oxidation. Among CGs, 11-Oxo-mog.V significantly inhibited LDL oxidation, and prolongation of the lag time during LDL oxidation by 11-Oxo-mog.V was dose-dependent. The lag time (119.7 +/- 8.9 min) in the presence of 200 microM 11-Oxo-mog.V was significantly longer than that (76.8 +/- 5.5 min) of control (p < 0.01). In addition, SG extract and 11-Oxo-mog.V inhibited HUVEC-mediated LDL oxidation in a dose-dependent manner. These results demonstrate that SG extract can inhibit LDL oxidation and that 11-Oxo-mog.V, a sweet element of SG extract, provides the anti-oxidative property of SG which might reduce the atherogenic potential of LDL.