Respiratory syncytial virus-coded pediatric hospitalizations, 1997 to 1999

Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2002 Jul;21(7):629-32. doi: 10.1097/00006454-200207000-00005.

Abstract

Background: The recent number and rate of infant hospitalizations with a respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)-coded diagnosis have not been published.

Methods: Retrospective data analysis. National Hospital Discharge Survey data for 1997 to 1999 were analyzed for discharges of infants < 1 year old with an RSV-coded diagnosis (ICD-9-CM 466.11, 480.1, 079.6). Hospitalization rates were estimated with annual midyear Census data.

Results: RSV bronchiolitis was the leading primary diagnosis annually for all infants hospitalized for any reason. Between 1997 and 1999, 297 684 RSV-coded discharges of infants with an RSV-coded diagnosis occurred. The associated hospitalization rate was 25.2 per 1000 infants. RSV-coded discharges peaked in February.

Conclusion: RSV bronchiolitis was the leading cause of hospital admissions of infants younger than age 1 year for any reason between 1997 and 1999.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Hospitalization / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Infant
  • International Classification of Diseases
  • Length of Stay
  • Male
  • Recurrence
  • Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections / diagnosis*
  • Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections / epidemiology*
  • Respiratory Syncytial Viruses / isolation & purification*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Assessment
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • United States / epidemiology