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. Sep-Oct 2002;30(5):660-6.
doi: 10.1177/03635465020300050501.

Biomechanical Analysis of an Anatomic Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction

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Biomechanical Analysis of an Anatomic Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction

Masayoshi Yagi et al. Am J Sports Med. .

Abstract

Background: The focus of most anterior cruciate ligament reconstructions has been on replacing the anteromedial bundle and not the posterolateral bundle.

Hypothesis: Anatomic two-bundle reconstruction restores knee kinematics more closely to normal than does single-bundle reconstruction.

Study design: Controlled laboratory study.

Methods: Ten cadaveric knees were subjected to external loading conditions: 1) a 134-N anterior tibial load and 2) a combined rotatory load of 5-N x m internal tibial torque and 10-N x m valgus torque. Resulting knee kinematics and in situ force in the anterior cruciate ligament or replacement graft were determined by using a robotic/universal force-moment sensor testing system for 1) intact, 2) anterior cruciate ligament deficient, 3) single-bundle reconstructed, and 4) anatomically reconstructed knees.

Results: Anterior tibial translation for the anatomic reconstruction was significantly closer to that of the intact knee than was the single-bundle reconstruction. The in situ force normalized to the intact anterior cruciate ligament for the anatomic reconstruction was 97% +/- 9%, whereas the single-bundle reconstruction was only 89% +/- 13%. With a combined rotatory load, the normalized in situ force for the single-bundle and anatomic reconstructions at 30 degrees of flexion was 66% +/- 40%and 91% +/- 35%, respectively.

Conclusions: Anatomic reconstruction may produce a better biomechanical outcome, especially during rotatory loads.

Clinical relevance: Results may lead to the use of a two-bundle technique.

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