Germline mutations and sequence variants of the macrophage scavenger receptor 1 gene are associated with prostate cancer risk

Nat Genet. 2002 Oct;32(2):321-5. doi: 10.1038/ng994. Epub 2002 Sep 16.

Abstract

Deletions on human chromosome 8p22-23 in prostate cancer cells and linkage studies in families affected with hereditary prostate cancer (HPC) have implicated this region in the development of prostate cancer. The macrophage scavenger receptor 1 gene (MSR1, also known as SR-A) is located at 8p22 and functions in several processes proposed to be relevant to prostate carcinogenesis. Here we report the results of genetic analyses that indicate that mutations in MSR1 may be associated with risk of prostate cancer. Among families affected with HPC, we identified six rare missense mutations and one nonsense mutation in MSR1. A family-based linkage and association test indicated that these mutations co-segregate with prostate cancer (P = 0.0007). In addition, among men of European descent, MSR1 mutations were detected in 4.4% of individuals affected with non-HPC as compared with 0.8% of unaffected men (P = 0.009). Among African American men, these values were 12.5% and 1.8%, respectively (P = 0.01). These results show that MSR1 may be important in susceptibility to prostate cancer in men of both African American and European descent.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • African Continental Ancestry Group / genetics
  • Aged
  • Amino Acid Substitution
  • DNA Mutational Analysis
  • European Continental Ancestry Group / genetics
  • Female
  • Genetic Markers
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease
  • Genetic Variation*
  • Humans
  • Macrophages / metabolism
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mutation*
  • Pedigree
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / etiology
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Receptors, Immunologic / genetics*
  • Receptors, Immunologic / metabolism
  • Receptors, Scavenger
  • Scavenger Receptors, Class A

Substances

  • Genetic Markers
  • MSR1 protein, human
  • Receptors, Immunologic
  • Receptors, Scavenger
  • Scavenger Receptors, Class A