Drugs. 2002;62(14):2075-85; discussion 2086-7. doi: 10.2165/00003495-200262140-00008.


Rosuvastatin is a hydroxymethylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitor used in the treatment of patients with dyslipidaemia. Rosuvastatin is not extensively metabolised and has a low propensity for drug interactions. In well designed trials of between 6 and 52 weeks' duration, rosuvastatin was superior to atorvastatin, simvastatin and pravastatin in improving the lipid profile of patients with hypercholesterolaemia. In a 1-year dose-titration study, rosuvastatin 13.4mg daily (mean dose) allowed more patients to achieve US National Cholesterol Education Program (Adult Treatment panel II)[NCEP] target low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol levels than atorvastatin 20.8mg daily (98 vs 87%) with the difference most marked in high-risk patients (97 vs 61%). Similarly, when compared with pravastatin and simvastatin 20 mg/day in a further 1-year trial, 88% of rosuvastatin recipients [9.5 and 13.8 mg/day (mean doses)] achieved NCEP target serum LDL-cholesterol levels compared with 60 and 73% of pravastatin and simvastatin recipients, respectively, with the difference more marked in high-risk patients. In further clinical trials, rosuvastatin improved the lipid profile of patients with heterozygous or homozygous familial hypercholesterolaemia, hypertriglyceridaemia or mixed dyslipidaemias. Rosuvastatin was well tolerated in clinical trials of up to 1 years' duration.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Clinical Trials as Topic / statistics & numerical data
  • Fluorobenzenes / chemistry
  • Fluorobenzenes / pharmacokinetics
  • Fluorobenzenes / therapeutic use*
  • Humans
  • Hypercholesterolemia / blood
  • Hypercholesterolemia / drug therapy*
  • Pyrimidines*
  • Rosuvastatin Calcium
  • Sulfonamides*


  • Fluorobenzenes
  • Pyrimidines
  • Sulfonamides
  • Rosuvastatin Calcium