Background: Anti-Helicobacter pylori therapy has been reported to cause regression of low-grade gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma in a high percentage of patients. However, in some patients, these lesions persist despite antibiotic treatment.
Aim: To determine the various endosonographic findings that may predict the regression of low-grade gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma post-antibiotics.
Methods: Seventy-six patients with Helicobacter pylori-positive gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma were studied. Follow-up data were available on 51 patients. All patients were treated with antibiotics. Participants underwent pre- and post-anti-Helicobacter pylori therapy endoscopy with gastric biopsies, followed by endoscopic ultrasonography examination of the stomach.
Results: Helicobacter pylori was eradicated in 45 of 51 (88%) patients. At the 2-year follow-up, complete regression of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma was seen in 28 of 51 (55%) patients: 12 of 16 (75%) patients in stage T1m N0, 11 of 19 (58%) patients in stage T1sm N0, four of eight (50%) patients in stages T1m N1 and T1sm N1, and one of four (25%) patients in stage T2 N0. None of the stage T2 N1 patients achieved clinical regression.
Conclusions: Endoscopic ultrasonography evaluation of gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma plays a pivotal role in the initial staging and post-treatment follow-up evaluation of these lesions. Accurate staging is essential in the determination of the optimal treatment modality.