Purpose: To study the effect of trabeculectomy and monotherapy with topical betaxolol, brimonidine and latanoprost on intraocular pressure (IOP) and pulsatile ocular blood flow (POBF) in patients with normal-pressure glaucoma (NPG).
Methods: In this retrospective study NPG patients attending the glaucoma research unit at Moorfields Eye Hospital were reviewed. Patients treated by surgery or topical medication (betaxolol, brimonidine or latanoprost) who had pre- and post-treatment IOP and POBF measurements were studied. For those patients who were having treatment to both eyes, one eye was selected at random for analysis.
Results: A total of 147 patients were reviewed. Forty-three eyes were receiving betaxolol 0.5%, 58 eyes latanoprost 0.005%, 23 eyes brimonidine 0.2% and 23 eyes had undergone trabeculectomy surgery. There were more female than male patients in all four groups, and the groups were similar with regards age. Pre-treatment IOP and POBF values were similar among the groups ( P=0.27, P=0.08 respectively). Post-treatment IOP values tended to be lower than pre-treatment values for all four groups. All groups had an increased POBF except for betaxolol, where POBF decreased.
Conclusion: Patients treated by trabeculectomy and those receiving topical latanoprost and brimonidine had lower IOP and higher POBF following treatment. The betaxolol-treated group, despite a slight decrease in IOP, had a decreased POBF. Lowering IOP by treatment may not necessarily be associated with an increase in POBF.