PIP: Recognizing the serious threat posed by the AIDS pandemic, the government of Zambia quickly launched a series of initiatives designed to control the spread of the disease. The first cases of AIDS in Zambia were reported in 1985. By April 1986, the disease had been included among the notifiable diseases, and by 1987, the government had already implemented a large coordinated program to combat AIDS. As the government quickly recognized, AIDS poses a great threat to national development. 3,115 cases of AIDS and 12,815 cases of AIDS related complex had been reported as of June 1990. Heterosexual sex and mother- to-child during pregnancy are the man AIDS transmission routes. Zambia's anti-AIDS efforts have led the establishment of The National AIDS Surveillance Committee, which includes members from the Ministry of Health, other ministries, and non-governmental organizations (NGOs). The committee has focused on the following measures for prevention and control: intersectorial health education, research and ethics, procurement and supplies, counseling, condoms, NGO networking, laboratory support and blood screening, and community participation. With assistance from the World Health Organization (WHO), Zambia has launched the Medium Term Plan. Furthermore, a nation-wide health education campaign has been in existence since 1986. Besides prevention measures, the campaign has attempted to promote compassion and care of AIDS patients. Sensitive to their concerns, the government has consulted with religious groups when developing condom promotion campaigns. 1989 and 1990 studies indicate an increased awareness and knowledge about AIDS.